In this course, the principles of environmentally friendly, "green" process development are conveyed. There are important general principles to consider when designing a chemical process. Emphasis will be placed on reactant availability, by-product toxicity, solvent and catalyst reusability, and process scale-up in miniplants. A number of so-called "green" solvents are discussed with their advantages and disadvantages. The various concepts and methods for recycling homogeneous transition metal catalysts are presented in detail. Furthermore, the industrial use of renewable raw materials and of CO2 with the corresponding conversion processes is discussed, as well as their potential for future uses. This lecture builds on the lecture "Chemische Technik 1" from the Bachelor's program and deepens the fundamentals presented there. Thus, this course is an important link between industrial chemistry and process engineering for chemical engineering students.
The students will be able to:
- List the principles of "green" chemistry and explain them by means of examples
- Classify the problems of waste, waste water, safety and incidents for process development and describe the corresponding requirements
- Evaluate the various aspects of so-called "green" solvents and weigh them against each other
- List various methods of catalyst recycling and explain their principles
- Develop proposals for a process concept for a given chemical reaction and compare them with each other
- The various aspects of so-called "green" solvents can be evaluated and weighed against each other
- Various methods of catalyst recycling can be listed and their principles explained and compared
- Proposals for a process concept for a given chemical reaction can be developed
- Solutions for economic and ecological problems of chemical processes can be developed
- Industrial uses of renewable raw materials can be listed
- Describe conversion processes for the material use of important renewable raw materials to the corresponding products
- Evaluate conversion processes for their environmental compatibility
- Name important types of heterogeneous catalysts
- Describe their production and define areas of application
- Explain the term "tandem catalysis" and demonstrate it with examples
|Exam||Written - 120 min |
|Literature||M. Baerns, A. Behr, A. Brehm, J. Gmehling, K.-O. Hinrichsen, H. Hofmann, U. Onken, R. Palkovits, A. Renken: Technische Chemie, Wiley-VCH, 2. Aufl. 2013. |
The slides of the course and any additional materials such as literature lists and website recommendations will be published in the virtual workrooms in Moodle provided for this purpose. Details will be announced at the beginning of the course.
Only the information found in the LSF and the most recent edition of the Modulhandbuch der Fakultät Bio- und Chemieingenieurwesen is binding. The content on this page may not reflect the most up-to-date information.
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Location & approach
The campus of TU Dortmund University is located close to interstate junction Dortmund West, where the Sauerlandlinie A 45 (Frankfurt-Dortmund) crosses the Ruhrschnellweg B 1 / A 40. The best interstate exit to take from A 45 is “Dortmund-Eichlinghofen” (closer to South Campus), and from B 1 / A 40 “Dortmund-Dorstfeld” (closer to North Campus). Signs for the university are located at both exits. Also, there is a new exit before you pass over the B 1-bridge leading into Dortmund.
To get from North Campus to South Campus by car, there is the connection via Vogelpothsweg/Baroper Straße. We recommend you leave your car on one of the parking lots at North Campus and use the H-Bahn (suspended monorail system), which conveniently connects the two campuses.
TU Dortmund University has its own train station (“Dortmund Universität”). From there, suburban trains (S-Bahn) leave for Dortmund main station (“Dortmund Hauptbahnhof”) and Düsseldorf main station via the “Düsseldorf Airport Train Station” (take S-Bahn number 1, which leaves every 20 or 30 minutes). The university is easily reached from Bochum, Essen, Mülheim an der Ruhr and Duisburg.
You can also take the bus or subway train from Dortmund city to the university: From Dortmund main station, you can take any train bound for the Station “Stadtgarten”, usually lines U41, U45, U 47 and U49. At “Stadtgarten” you switch trains and get on line U42 towards “Hombruch”. Look out for the Station “An der Palmweide”. From the bus stop just across the road, busses bound for TU Dortmund University leave every ten minutes (445, 447 and 462). Another option is to take the subway routes U41, U45, U47 and U49 from Dortmund main station to the stop “Dortmund Kampstraße”. From there, take U43 or U44 to the stop “Dortmund Wittener Straße”. Switch to bus line 447 and get off at “Dortmund Universität S”.
The AirportExpress is a fast and convenient means of transport from Dortmund Airport (DTM) to Dortmund Central Station, taking you there in little more than 20 minutes. From Dortmund Central Station, you can continue to the university campus by interurban railway (S-Bahn). A larger range of international flight connections is offered at Düsseldorf Airport (DUS), which is about 60 kilometres away and can be directly reached by S-Bahn from the university station.
The H-Bahn is one of the hallmarks of TU Dortmund University. There are two stations on North Campus. One (“Dortmund Universität S”) is directly located at the suburban train stop, which connects the university directly with the city of Dortmund and the rest of the Ruhr Area. Also from this station, there are connections to the “Technologiepark” and (via South Campus) Eichlinghofen. The other station is located at the dining hall at North Campus and offers a direct connection to South Campus every five minutes.
The facilities of TU Dortmund University are spread over two campuses, the larger Campus North and the smaller Campus South. Additionally, some areas of the university are located in the adjacent “Technologiepark”.