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Fakultät BCI

M. Sc. Thomas Roth

Focus of work

  • Multiphase homogeneous catalysis
  • Utilization of renewables
  • Hydroformylation/Hydroaminomethylation
  • Upscaling of novel processes to a continuous miniplant scale

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Further Information about Thomas Roth

Curriculum Vitae

Thomas Roth studied chemical engineering at TU Dortmund since October 2013. During this time he gained industrial work experience through a internship at Lanxess AG in Krefeld Uerdingen and finished his bachelor thesis with the topic "Construction and calibration of an IR camera for non-invasive temperature measurement at microreactors" in the research group of Prof. Dr. Kockmann. In 2020 he earned his master's degree with the work "Investigation of hydroaminomethylation in the thermomorphic multiphase system on a continuous miniplant scale" under the supervision of Prof. Dr. Vogt. Since June 2020 Thomas works as a research associate at the Laboratory of Industrial Chemistry at TU Dortmund.

Research Topic

Homogeneous transition metal catalysts offer many strengths over heterogeneous catalysts, including high catalyst activity and selectivity even at comparatively mild operating conditions. Despite these advantages, most industrial processes are catalyzed heterogeneously due to the easier and thus more cost-effective separation. Since recycling of the transition metals is indispensable for the economic and ecological sustainability of processes using homogeneous catalysts, the development of efficient separation and recycling concepts is required to make use of their strengths.

The immobilization of the catalyst in multiphase systems offers a promising approach in this respect, as the catalyst phase can be separated and recycled with relatively low effort. However, this approach also poses certain challenges, such as mass transport limitations across the phase interface. Therefore, this research will investigate and optimize different intensification strategies of continuous processes using aqueous multiphase systems for homogeneously catalyzed carbonylation reactions (Fig. 1). In each case, the product phase is separated from the catalyst phase in a decanter, allowing the latter to be recycled to the reactor (Fig. 2).

Reaktion Hydroaminomethylation: R-C-C=C ->(+CO/H2+cat.) R-C-C-C-C=O (Hydroformylation) ->(+HNR2/H2+cat.) R-C-C-C-C-NR2 + H2O ( Reductiv Amination)

The first strategy is the improvement of the mixing and thus the enlargement of the phase interface by using the innovative jetloop reactor (Fig. 2, left). In the second strategy, cyclodextrins are used as phase transfer agents to improve the contacting of the catalyst with substrate molecules at the phase interface (Fig. 2, right).

Schabild: Links: Jetloop Reactor, rechts: reaktor mit anschließender trennoperation und Rückführung

Publications & Conferences

  • Hares, K., Wegener, H. W., Roth, T. F. H., Reichert, R., Vogt, D., Seidensticker, T., (2024) "Primary amines from alkenes and carbonyl compounds: highly selective hydrogenation of oximes using a homogeneous Ru-catalyst" Catal. Sci. Technol., Advance Article, DOI: 10.1039/D4CY00368C.
  • Roth, T. F. H., Kühl, A., Spiekermann, M. L., Wegener, H. W., Seidensticker,T. (2024) "Biodiesel as a Sustainable Platform Chemical Enabled by Selective Partial Hydrogenation: Compounds Outplace Combustion?!",ChemSusChem, e202400036 DOI: 10.1002/cssc.202400036.
  • Roth, T., Evertz, R., Kopplin, N., Tilloy, S., Monflier, E., Vogt, D., Seidensticker, T., (2023) "Continuous production of amines directly from alkenes via cyclodextrin-mediated hydroaminomethylation using only water as the solvent" Green Chem., 25, 3680-3691, DOI: 10.1039/D2GC04847G
  • Schlüter, S. , Kühnemann, K. U. , Freis, M. , Roth, T. , Vogt, D. , Dreimann, J. M. , Skiborowski (2021). "Continuous co-product separation by organic solvent nanofiltration for the hydroaminomethylation in a thermomorphic multiphase system". Chem. Eng. J. 409, 128219, DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2020.128219.